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How to Reduce and Prevent Negative marks in JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET and AIIMS

Posted By Admin on December 12, 2017

 

How to Reduce and Prevent Negative marks in JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET and AIIMS?

It is no big deal to explain the impact of Negative marking and need to minimize negative score in any competitive exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER. With the latest trends and drastic changing patterns of examinations, it has become difficult for students to crack JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER exams and take admission in premier engineering institutes like IITs, NITs, IIITs and government medical colleges. You must keep all aspects of marking in your mind while attempting the competitive exam. One such aspect of marking scheme is ‘Negative Marking’ that can cost you the seat you deserve in IITs, NITs, IIITs and government medical colleges. Negative marking has made the selection process tougher and assures that only the best of students make it to the final merit list.

 

What are Negative marks?

Before discussing how to reduce and prevent negative marks let us understand the meaning of negative marks. Most competitive exams have a process of penalising students for incorrect answers to discourage them from blind guesses. Under Negative Marking Scheme, you will lose certain marks (usually 25% or 33% of total score for the question) for each wrong answer attempted by you.

 

Why do we have Negative marking?

The main objective behind the negative marking scheme in JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER is that only students with the better understanding of concepts (not the ones with rote memory) get admission through JEE Main, JEE Advanced, NEET, AIIMS or JIPMER.

Most competitive exams have a process of penalising students for incorrect answers to discourage them from blind guesses however, there is no such penalty for certain type of questions in JEE Advanced. Therefore, you must carefully read all instructions in JEE Advanced Exam because some questions have negative marks for incorrect answer while others do not have any negative marks. Any question that does not have negative marks for incorrect answer must not be left unanswered in JEE Advanced exam because some of them you might answer correctly that could boost your score.

 

Unlock The Pattern of Particular Competitive Exam:

JEE Main Exam Pattern: There are total of 90 questions (30 from each subject namely Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) to be answered in 3 hours. They all are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), where all questions will have 4 options out of which only one will be correct. Student is awarded +4 marks for each correct answer and -1 mark for each incorrect answer. The unanswered questions do not have any negative marking.

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern: Pattern of JEE Advanced test and the number of questions in the exam is not fixed. Equal number of questions from each subject namely Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics are to be answered in 3 hours. JEE Advanced questions are usually Single correct choice Type MCQs, One or more correct choices Type Multiple Choice type MCQs, single digit answer type questions, comprehension based questions and matrix match type questions. Marking scheme for each type of questions is not fixed. The unanswered questions do not have any negative marking.

NEET Exam Pattern: There are total of 180 questions (45 each from Physics and Chemistry while 90 from Biology) to be answered in 3 hours. They all are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), where all questions will have 4 options out of which only one will be correct. Student is awarded +4 marks for each correct answer and -1 mark for each incorrect answer. The unanswered questions will have neither positive nor negative marks.

AIIMS Exam Pattern: There are total of 200 questions (60 each from Physics, chemistry and Biology while 20 from General Knowledge and current affairs) to be answered in 3 and half hours. They all are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), where all questions will have 4 options out of which only one will be correct. Student is awarded +1 mark for each correct answer and -1/3 mark for each incorrect answer. The unanswered questions will have neither positive nor negative marks.

 

Disadvantages of Negative Marking:

It reduces total marks obtained from the score of correct answers

It does not support the guess work

 

Tips to Minimise Negative Marks

 

1. Make Strong Foundation:

Study chapters thoroughly, solve few illustrations given in the chapter and move to solving problems given in exercises and assignments. Try learning short-cut formulas / tricks to use them in exams so that you can save time. Take help and guidance from your teachers, online study material available on various website and educational applications to gain more clarity on required topic/concept. Strong foundation backed by good quality questions is an answer to “how to reduce and prevent negative marks?”

 

2. Perfect Blending of Practice and Analysis:

Study and practise regularly to reduce negative marks in the examination. Do a regular revision to keep yourself updated about entire topics all the time.

Enhance your analytical skills by taking mock tests and stay focused while marking the answers. Solve last years’ papers as many as possible. Make a list of all concepts and questions where you get incorrect answer for any question. You can use Mobile Technology to make and manage all such lists that will help reduce and prevent negative marks.

 

3. Change Your Perception

Most students are worried about negative marking scheme but few love negative marking they think to have an advantage over their under-prepared competitors in such examination. Think like a topper. Therefore, first of all stop looking at negative marking negatively. Instead, start to find ways to prevent or minimise negative marks and look at negative score as an opportunity to score more than others.

 

4. Anticipate Quickly

Anticipation is the act of guessing how things will proceed further. In an exam with negative markings you must anticipate properly quickly by looking at the question to be able to decide whether you know it (Lolly Pop, information based question where no maths is needed) or you can solve it (Your Question) or to return back if time permits (Examiner’s Question) or to leave it (Nobody’s Question). This decision making must not take more than 2 readings of the question.

 

5. Attempt the paper in 2 or possibly 3 rounds

In round 1, it is advisable to solve the questions that you are sure about (Lolly Pops and Your Favourite Question as categorised above). Solving the questions that you are sure about in the least time will enable you to solve other difficult questions (Examiners Favourite) in round 2 where you can devote more time to solve correctly.

In round 2, solve the questions you can solve but require lot of maths or derivation or analysis. In this round you can do intelligent guesswork for those questions where you can eliminate at least 2 choices.

In round 3 you should try bouncers if time permits. This division of time allows you to reduce / minimize negative marking.

 

6. Don’t be Silly

We all have some silliness and do few mistakes because of that. Sometimes, even if we know a sum, we get negative marks due to silly mistakes. You have already worked hard for everything and prepared so well! You cannot afford to lose marks by these silly mistakes even after knowing the subject/answer. Given below is a list of silly mistakes and ways to prevent them:

(a) Marking of Wrong Answer(s): Sometimes we mark wrong answers even after solving properly. Now a days OMR is sometimes marked with ball pen that cannot be erased. 1 such wrong marking can cost you thousands of ranks. Therefore, Marking of answers must be done carefully.

(b) Marking of Option with the wrong units or extra zero: Some questions have options with different units only or options that differ in zeros only. Such questions must be solved with extra care. Keep track of units particularly Energy Related questions and questions involving Universal Gas Constant.

(c) Wrong formula / structure used: To reduce or prevent negative score, concept formula should be applied carefully. In organic chemistry, writing proper structure of the given compound usually helps in prevention of negative score.

(d) Misinterpretation of Question: Most of the students do not read the question carefully due to which they end up giving incorrect answer. A typical example is where the question asks about the incorrect (not correct) statement and the student marks correct statement as the answer. To prevent or reduce this kind of negative score, student should develop the habit of underlining important key words while reading the question. Underlining important keywords also help understand the question in a better way.

(e) Calculation mistake: Sometimes we do calculation mistakes while solving a numerical leading to negative score for the question. We can do very little to minimise or prevent negative scores from these mistakes. However, if we do manual calculations while solving practice tests some improvement is expected.

 

7. Operate Backwards

Another good way of solving a sum is to begin from options. You may have a look at the options and decide which one fits in the question. This trick helps solving several questions in less time. However, this must be tried when you are either unable to proceed forward or the solution is very lengthy.

 

8. Guesswork in Exams having negative marking scheme

Do Proper Guesswork by eliminating at least 1 or 2 options. This elimination reduces the probability of incorrect answers and increases your score significantly.

Power of Smart Guesswork:

(i) Understand the examination pattern and keep in mind the category of questions that has negative marks and the category of questions that has no negative marks.

(ii) While answering any question having negative marks, blind guessing is BIG BIG NO. However, smart guesswork in certain cases is advisable. For example if you can reject two options out of four, BASED ON YOUR SUBJECT KNOWLEDGE, you can and should take a chance to answer from one of the remaining two choices.

(iii) Even Blind Guessing is sometimes advisable particularly if the negative score is 25% or lesser compared to positive score of the question with four possible answers and the number of questions you attempted is falling short of minimum qualifying exam. Let us understand this with the help of an illustration.

Ramesh is a general category student appearing in JEE Main 2018. The expected cut off is 90 marks (out of 360). He is very cautious of negative marks and answered only 23 questions out of which 1 answer is incorrect. The projected score is 87 (22⨯4 - 1). With this score Ramesh will be certainly disqualified. Now let us illustrate the power of guessing?

Case 1 Blind Guesswork: Ramesh answers remaining 57 questions arbitrarily assuming the rule of probability will get him nearly 14 correct answers and 43 incorrect answers. This should increase his score by 13 marks (14⨯4 - 43) to 100 (87 + 13) that will be sufficient to qualify in JEE Main 2018.

Case 2 Smart Guesswork: Ramesh identified that he can eliminate 1 option in 6 questions and 2 options in 4 questions. He answered remaining 57 questions using his elimination technique. Rule of probability predicts he will get 16 correct answers (2 out of 6, 2 out of 4 and 12 out of 47) and 41 incorrect answers. This should increase his score by 23 marks (16⨯4 - 41) to 110 (87 + 23) that will be more than sufficient to qualify in JEE Main 2018.

This article will certainly help in reduction of negative marks and will improve your performance in any competitive entrance test. To download Mobile app that can ensure reduction in Negative Marks click here.

 

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